Castration of piglets is to promote the growth of piglets and improve the quality of pork.
If piglets are not castrated, not only will they grow slowly, but the pork meat will have a bad smell.
Therefore, the piglets are subjected to castration surgery during breeding.
However, during the operation, the piglets are infected or die for some reasons, so there are many precautions when you go castrated.
• Choice of castration time
The best time to castrate is 7-10 days old, when the piglets themselves have some resistance.
Piglets can withstand the infestation of some germs, and certain organs of the body have also grown.
If castration is performed before this time period, the testicles of the piglets are small and fragile, so surgery is not suitable.
If the castration is late, the piglets are extremely sensitive to the pain. Not only will the piglets bleed more, but the wounds after the castration will not heal easily.
During this time period, the piglets are castrated, and the piglets can obtain antibodies through the breast milk, which is not easy to infect the disease.
• It is not suitable for castration during high incidence of disease periods and rainy days.
Piglet castration produces a strong stress response. After the castration, the body’s resistance will be weakened.
If this is a high-risk disease period, the bacteria can easily invade from the wound, causing the piglets to become infected.
In addition, during the peak period of bacterial growth on a rainy day, at this time, it is easy to cause pathogens to invade and thus infect the disease.
• Vaccination and castration cannot be performed simultaneously
Piglet castration produces a strong stress response that tends to increase this stress response in piglets after vaccination.
This will lead to a weakening of the epidemic prevention effect, and even a case of epidemic prevention failure.
• Sick piglets are best not to castrate
After a period of castration, the resistance and immunity of the piglets will decrease.
Sick and weak piglets have weaker body and low resistance. If they are castrated together with healthy piglets, they may die.
Therefore, sick and weak piglets do not castrate temporarily, which not only helps the piglets to quickly recover their physical fitness, but also avoids the phenomenon of infection or death.
• Pay attention to hygiene and disinfection work
Before the castration, the pig house should be cleaned and disinfected, which can reduce the number of pathogenic microorganisms, and also kill or inhibit the reproduction of bacteria to a certain extent, reducing the chance of infection.
In the case of castration, the skin of the incision site should be disinfected first to reduce bacterial invasion.
Surgical disinfection is also essential. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects should be applied after surgery to prevent the wound from getting worse.
• Pay attention to observation after surgery
Careful observation after surgery, see if there is any adverse reaction in the piglets after castration.
If there is a lot of bleeding, stop bleeding in time. In severe cases, the wound should be sutured.
Also, pay attention to whether the excretion is normal and whether it affects the intestine.