First, the four principles in the sheep feed mix
(1) The principle of nutrition
Adjust the proportion of nutrients in the feed according to the needs of the sheep. If the nutrition in the feed is not enough, it is very unfavorable for the growth of the sheep. The growth rate of the sheep will decrease, and the sheep will suffer from insufficient intake of some trace elements. If the nutrition in the sheep feed is too much, More than the nutritional needs of the sheep, not only did not exceed the expected harvest, but also caused waste, increased their own feed costs, resulting in reduced farming efficiency.
Therefore, we need to understand the proportion of nutrients that sheep need at different stages of growth. It is worth mentioning that we should pay attention to the diversity of sheep feed after understanding the proportion of sheep’s demand for nutrition. When the sheep feed is matched, we should pay attention to the different feeds to achieve the purpose of comprehensive nutrition of the sheep. The main nutrients of different feeds are different. Reasonable selection of feeds can be combined to maximize the benefits.
Usually, 55% of the ingredients in the feed should be controlled by green roughage, and 45% of the ingredients are concentrate. Among them, the concentrate should contain 35% of the seed feed, such as corn kernels; the protein content is controlled at 16%; other substances include inorganic salts, vitamins and some additives.
(2) Economic principles
When configuring sheep feed, you should consider your own economic strength and the economic benefits of raising sheep. We have said that feed costs account for the majority of feeding costs, and controlling feed costs is the key to achieving high returns.
As a ruminant, sheep eat more food for green fodder, and green roughage is relatively easy to obtain. For example, corn stalks, legume straws and peanut stalks are very good choices.
Sheep don’t need too much protein. When it comes to feed, it is mainly used for green roughage, supplemented by some concentrate. The concentrate can choose corn and soybean. These prices are relatively low, and the feed cost is not high. It can save the required feed cost and increase its own economic benefits.
(3) The principle of palatability
The palatability principle is related to the feed intake of the sheep. The more palatable the feed, the greater the feed intake of the sheep and the faster the growth rate of the sheep.
This principle requires that the family friend should consider the sheep feeding factor when selecting the feed. If the selected feed does not like the sheep to eat, then the nutrient intake of the sheep will also be affected, and these feeds will also be wasted. If the sheep are eaten after a long period of mold, it will cause the sheep to become sick, so that the friends of the foster family will not be able to pay for it. So what should we do?
First of all, we should know that the quality of the feed will affect the feeding of the sheep, so we should eliminate the bad quality of the feed; secondly, some green roughages are hard because of their own, so we should feed these feeds when we feed the sheep. After the crushing, the sheep are fed, and some feeding agents can be added during feeding to increase the feed intake of the sheep.
(4) Safety principles
Food safety is one thing we should pay attention to. This not only affects the health of the sheep, but also affects people’s health. When we configure the sheep’s feed, we should pay attention to the quality of the feed and ensure that the sheep feed is non-toxic and harmless. Especially in the rainy weather, we should pay attention to whether the feed is mildewed. Some foster friends have given the sheep some hormones in order to increase the lean rate of the sheep. This is something we firmly oppose.
Second, the method of feed preparation
In accordance with the principles mentioned above, we will come together with sheep feed. First consider the nutritional needs of the sheep, followed by the cost of the feed. Usually, the feed intake of sheep is 5% of its own weight. Therefore, the amount of feed we should also take into account the effective food intake of the sheep, so that the “disc”.
First, we should make a table to record the nutrient content of the feed and the nutrient requirements of the sheep at different times. Secondly, according to the recorded nutrient requirements of the sheep and the demand for nutrients at different stages of the sheep, the growth of the control sheep In order to match the sheep feed combination that meets the nutritional needs of the sheep, the crude protein and crude fiber are first considered. In the case of rough matching, a ratio of about 5% should be reserved as a ratio of vitamins to minerals.
After rough matching, calculate the nutrient ratio of the collocation feed. If the nutrient exceeds the expected amount, adjust the collocation feed to meet your expectations. Finally, we add 0.5% salt and 1% to the feed. Inorganic salt.