Sheep Site Selection and Planning Layout
Site selection requirements terrain, warm winter Xijing environment is a suitable living environment for sheep, sheep farm should be built in the terrain high dry, low groundwater level, shelter from the sun, the terrain is open and tidy, well-drained and airy and dry flat local. If you are building a field in a mountainous slope, you should choose a slope that is gentle, southward or southeast so that it is favorable for sunlight, ventilation and light. Sheep farms should be kept away from swamps, as swamps are often the place where parasites and mosquitoes gather inside and outside. It is forbidden to build a field at low-lying areas, mountain flood roads, and winter estuaries. The soil of the site is solid, and the soil should be selected from sandy soil with strong water permeability, small hygroscopicity and thermal conductivity, uniform texture and strong compressive strength, which is good for removing stagnant water, preventing moisture and preventing sheep damage.

Conducive to epidemic prevention and environmental protection Sheep site selection should fully consider the local environment and nearby veterinary epidemic prevention conditions, whether it is mountainous, semi-mountainous, or suitable plain areas, must meet the requirements of environmental protection, in line with the requirements of the sheep for the growing environment , in line with the requirements of epidemic prevention, it is easy to isolate the blockade in the event of an outbreak. There are no large chemical plants, mining plants, tanneries, meat processing plants, slaughter plants and livestock farms within 3 km around the site; water source protection areas, tourist areas, nature reserves and other areas prohibited by national and local laws are prohibited. Built-in field, should not be built in the epidemic area of infectious diseases. The distance between the sheep farm and the settlement should be kept above 300 meters. It should be kept at a distance of more than 500 meters from other farms. It is not allowed to establish a place where the groundwater level is less than 0.5 meters. There should be a wall or epidemic prevention ditch around the sheep farm, and artificial or natural barriers such as green belts should be established to ensure that the sheep farm and the surrounding environment are not polluted.

The forage (material) resources are rich enough to fully consider the grazing conditions and the supply of forage, and the feed-based areas and fattening sheep production areas should have sufficient feed forage base or forage feed source. In the northern pastoral area and the southern grass mountain turf area, there should be sufficient pastures and large-scale artificial grassland, and the rotation of pastures should be arranged reasonably.

Water source and power water source requirements: First, sufficient water quantity; second, good water quality, to meet drinking water standards; third, easy access and sanitary protection, and easy to clean and disinfect. When it comes to house feeding, the water source is the best with tap water, but the cost is high; the groundwater, spring water and other groundwater generally have sufficient water and clean water. The daily water requirement for raising sheep is greater than that of grazing, and summer and autumn are greater than winter and spring. It is forbidden to set up a field in areas with severe water shortage or serious water pollution. The selected site has reliable power supply conditions, and the power load can meet the production needs and stable supply, especially the sheep farm with a high degree of intensification. If necessary, the generator can be provided to ensure the stability and reliability of the power supply in the field.

Transportation, communication and convenience Sheep farm construction is conducive to epidemic prevention. In order to transport feed, forage, live sheep and other materials and sheep products, it is also necessary to consider convenient transportation. The site selection is maintained at 300 miles from major highways. At the same time as the meter, there must be a dedicated road connected to the road. In addition, when selecting a sheep farm site, the necessary communication conditions should also be considered to facilitate information communication.

The long-term plan that meets the development of the sheep farm should reflect the construction policy when constructing the site. The terrain should be used reasonably according to local conditions. Under the premise of meeting the production requirements, land should be saved and less or no land should be occupied. The site selection of the sheep farm should be compatible with the local animal husbandry development plan and ecological environment conditions, and should be based on the production direction, considering the future development, and there should be room for expanding the production scale during the planning. In addition, it is best to build a sheep farm in an area where commodity sheep production is better, so as to promote and organize production nearby.

Selection of pastures requires that if grazing is the main method of feeding, it is best to adopt grazing and feeding to raise sheep, and to place pastures with a vegetation coverage rate of more than 80%. One adult sheep is raised every 3~5 mu in Tushan area, and one adult sheep is raised every 5~10 mu in Shishan area. Through the improvement of grassland, planting high-quality pasture, and feeding with crop straw, the carrying capacity can be increased by more than one.